Eye Exams

A comprehensive, routine, yearly or complete eye exam performed by a skilled optometrist will evaluate the overall health of your eyes and indicate if further testing in any areas are necessary.

A refraction is usually performed to determine if there is a need for, or change in, prescription glasses or contact lenses.

Consultations & Second Opinions are always welcome.

The eye exam may be targeted to the issue in question or comprehensive if needed.
We take your emergencies seriously. We will fit your urgent ophthalmic care into our day or refer you to our covering physician when we are not here.

Our Vision Tests and Doctors Make Eye Exams Less Stress

We have most vision testing equipment in our office and can schedule most of your tests here when necessary.

Our optician is on site daily to coordinate with our doctors for the best possible prescription glasses fit. Your contact lenses may be ordered here as well.


For adults, the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends a baseline eye examination at age 40, the time when early signs of disease or changes in vision may occur. If you have an eye disease or if you have a risk factor for developing one, such as diabetes, high blood pressure or a family history of eye disease, you should see an ophthalmologist even if you are younger than 40. If you are 65 or older, you should have your eyes checked every year, because the risk of developing age-related eye diseases such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma increases.

If you notice a significant change in your vision or if you are experiencing any eye discomfort, don’t wait, make an appointment!

At Athwal Eye Associates a complete exam entails addressing any issues that you may be having with your eyes and evaluating the overall health of your eyes. Your vision and eye pressure will be checked. If you have glasses or contacts that you currently wear or any eye drops that you are currently using, bring them with you so we know your baseline eye history. If necessary we will check your glasses or contact lens prescription to determine if there is any change. Your eyes will then be dilated so that you can be assessed for any eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, or diabetic retinopathy.

Dilation is important for the doctor to be able to assess vital parts of your eye that cannot be examined otherwise, such as the optic nerves and retina. Without examining these parts of the eye, diseases such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy cannot be ruled out.

Typically you should not get a headache after an eye exam. Dilation can make your eyes more sensitive to light and cause blurry vision for several hours. If you develop a severe headache after an eye exam you should alert your eye doctor.

Dilation of the pupil takes about 20 minutes for the pupil to fully open. This enables the eye doctor to get a clear view of the entire retina at the back of the eye. Diseases such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts can be diagnosed.

Perform a thorough eye exam to determine the cause of the problem. If necessary reading glasses may be prescribed.

Flat retina means that there is no retinal detachment. This is checked during the dilated portion of the eye exam.

Most dilation drops used during a routine eye exam wear off in 2-6 hours. However, certain dilating drops can take 12-24 hours to wear off. These drops are not typically used for routine exam, but may be used for other purposes, such as treating certain eye diseases.

An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor (MD) which includes 4 years of medical school followed by 4 years of residency specifically in the field of eye care, eye disease and eye surgery. Optometrists require 4 years of optometry school and focus on eye care and eye disease but do not do surgery.

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